Howard Chaykin Bibliography

Howard Chaykin is a comic writer and artist best known as the the artist of the adaptation of the first Star Wars film and as the creator of the revolutionary comics American Flagg and Black Kiss. He is the co-creator of the characters Harvey Bullock, Lady Blackhawk, Lady Gorgon, and Dominic Fortune, and creator of Ironwolf and Elon Cody Starbuck. He is also responsible for the modern updates of The Shadow and Blackhawk. He has worked on an extensive number of projects with Marvel, DC, Image, and more.

Howard Chaykin will be appearing at Florida Supercon Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, July 12-15, 2018.

Information coming soon.

Information coming soon.

Howard Chaykin is a comic writer and artist best known as the the artist of the adaptation of the first Star Wars film and as the creator of the revolutionary comics American Flagg and Black Kiss. He is the co-creator of the characters Harvey Bullock, Lady Blackhawk, Lady Gorgon, and Dominic Fortune, and creator of Ironwolf and Elon Cody Starbuck. He is also responsible for the modern updates of The Shadow and Blackhawk. He has worked on an extensive number of projects with Marvel, DC, Image, and more.

His bibliography with DC Comics includes American Century #1–27,  Batman: Dark Allegiances, Batman Black and White #1, Batman/Catwoman: Follow the Money, Bite Club, Blackhawk, Cyberella, Detective Comics #441, #483, Hawkgirl #50-56, The Shadow, Weird War Tales #48, 61–62, 67, 69, 76, 82, and World of Krypton #1–3. Work with Marvel includes Conan the Barbarian #79–83, Marvel Spotlight (Nick Fury) #31, Star Wars #1–10, Punisher War Journal, vol. 2, #16–25, Blade #1–8, Hulk! (Dominic Fortune) #21–25, and Avengers 1959, #1–5. Work with other publishers includes American Flagg!, Black Kiss, Star*Reach, Satellite Sam #1–15  and The Divided States Of Hysteria #1-6.

Howard Victor Chaykin[1] (born October 7, 1950)[2] is an Americancomic book artist and writer. Chaykin’s influences include the comic book artist Gil Kane and the mid-20th century book illustrators Robert Fawcett and Al Parker.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Howard Chaykin was born in Newark, New Jersey, to Rosalind Pave and Norman Drucker, who soon separated.[3] Chaykin was initially raised by his grandparents in Staten Island, New York City, until his mother married Leon Chaykin in 1953 and the family moved to East Flatbush and later to 370 Saratoga Avenue, Brownsville, Brooklyn.[1] At 14,[1] Chaykin moved with his now divorced mother to the Kew Gardens section of Queens.[3] He said in 2000 he was raised on welfare after his parents separated and that his absent biological father eventually was declared dead, although Chaykin, as an adult, located him alive. Chaykin's "nutty and cruel"[1] adoptive father, whom Chaykin until the 1990s believed was his natural father,[3] encouraged Chaykin's interest in drawing and bought him sketchbooks.[1]

He was introduced to comics by his cousin, who gave him a refrigerator box filled with them.[4] He graduated from Jamaica High School at 16, in 1967, and in the summer of 1968 worked at Zenith Press. He attended Columbia College in Chicago that fall, but left school and returned to New York the following year.[3] Chaykin said that after high school, "I hitchhiked around the country" before becoming, at 19, a "gofer" for the New York City-based comic book artist Gil Kane,[5] whom he would name as his greatest influence.[4]

Career[edit]

Chaykin's earliest work with comic books was under the tutelage of Gil Kane.

I'd heard on the grapevine that Gil's assistant had dropped dead of a heart attack at 23. I gave Gil a call, and he said, 'Yeah, I can use you.' So I went to work for him. ... He was doing [the early graphic novel] Blackmark, and I did a really bad job pasting up the dialog and putting in [Zip-a-Tone].... It was a great apprenticeship. I learned a lot from watching Gil work.[5]

In 1970, he began publishing his art in comics and science-fiction fanzines, sometimes under the pseudonymEric Pave.[3] Leaving Kane, he began working as an assistant to comics artist Wally Wood[6] in the studio he shared with Syd Shores and Jack Abel in Valley Stream, Long Island. He worked there for a "couple of months",[5] and in 1971 published his first professional comics work, for the adult-theme Western feature Shattuck in the military newspaper the Overseas Weekly,[3] one of Wood's clients. He also "ghosted some stuff" for Gray Morrow: "I penciled a Man-Thing story he did [for Marvel Comics' Fear #10 (cover-dated Oct. 1972)], and I penciled a thing for [the magazine] National Lampoon called "Michael Rockefeller and the Jungles of New Guinea."[5][7] He then apprenticed under Neal Adams, working with the artist at Adams' home in The Bronx.[5] This led to his first work at DC Comics, one of the two largest comics companies:

Neal showed me to [editors] Murray Boltinoff and Julius Schwartz. Murray gave me a one-page filler. I also got some work from Dorothy Woolfolk, who edited the love comics. It was all just dreadful stuff, but you stumble along, and you learn. A problem for me was that by the time I became a professional, I lost any interest whatsoever in superhero comics. I'm not a horror [comics] guy, and I didn't know what the hell to do! (laughter) What I wanted to draw is guys with guns, guys with swords, and women with big tits, and that was the extent of my interest in comics at the time.[8]

The "one-page filler", titled "Strange Neighbor", was inventoried and eventually published in the Boltinoff-edited Secrets of Sinister House #17 (May 1974).[3][9] His other earliest known DC work was penciling and inking the three-page story "Not Old Enough!" in Young Romance #185 (Aug. 1972), and penciling the eight-page supernatural story "Eye of the Beholder" in Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion #7 (Oct. 1972) and the one-page "Enter the Portals of Weird War" in Weird War Tales #9 (Dec. 1972).[9]

At one point Chaykin lived in the same Queens apartment building as artists Allen Milgrom, Walter Simonson and Bernie Wrightson. Simonson recalls, "We'd get together at 3 a.m. They'd come up and we'd have popcorn and sit around and talk about whatever a 26, 27 and 20-year-old guys talk about. Our art, TV, you name it. I pretty much knew at the time, 'These are the good ole days.'"[10]

1970s[edit]

Chaykin's first major work was for DC Comics drawing the 23-page "The Price of Pain Ease" — writer Denny O'Neil's adaptation of author Fritz Leiber's characters Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser — in Sword of Sorcery #1 (March 1973).[9][11] Although the title was well received, it lasted only five issues before cancellation. Chaykin drew the character Ironwolf in the science fiction anthology title Weird Worlds[12] for DC. Moving to Marvel Comics, he began work as co-artist with Neal Adams on the first Killraven story, seen in Amazing Adventures #18 in 1973.[13]

After this, Chaykin was given various adventure strips to draw for Marvel, including his own creation, Dominic Fortune (inspired by his Scorpion character, originally drawn for Atlas Comics), now in the pages of Marvel Preview.[14] In 1978, he wrote and drew his Cody Starbuck creation for the anthology title Star Reach, one of the first independent titles of the 1970s. These strips saw him explore more adult themes as best he could within the restrictions often imposed on him by editors and the Comics Code Authority. The same year, he produced for Schanes & Schanes a six-plate portfolio showcasing his character.

In 1976, Chaykin landed the job of drawing the Marvel Comicsadaptation of the first Star Wars film, written by Roy Thomas.[9][15][16] Chaykin left after 10 issues to work in more adult and experimental comics, and to do paperback book covers.

In late 1978,[17] Chaykin, Walt Simonson, Val Mayerik, and Jim Starlin formed Upstart Associates, a shared studio space on West 29th Street in New York City. The membership of the studio changed over time.[18]

Chaykin penciled DC Comics' first miniseries, The World of Krypton (July–September 1979).[19][20]

In the next few years he produced material for Heavy Metal, drew a graphic novel adaptation of Alfred Bester’s The Stars My Destination, and produced illustrations for works by Roger Zelazny. Chaykin collaborated on two original graphic novels — Swords of Heaven, Flowers of Hell with writer Michael Moorcock, and Empire with Samuel R. Delany — and found time to move into film design with work on the movie version of Heavy Metal.

1980s[edit]

Chaykin had a six-issue run on Marvel's Micronauts series and drew issues #13 (Jan. 1980) to #18 (June 1980).[21] He went back to Cody Starbuck with a story in Heavy Metal between May and September 1981, in the same painted art style he'd used for the Moorcock graphic novel.

In 1983, Chaykin launched American Flagg! for First Comics. With Chaykin as both writer and artist, the series was successful for First and proved highly influential, mixing all of Chaykin's previous ideas and interests — jazz, pulp adventure, science fiction and sex. Chaykin made wide use of Craftint Duoshade illustration boards, which in the period before computers allowed him to add a shaded texture to the finished art.[22]

After the first 26 issues of American Flagg!, Chaykin started work on new projects. Chaykin’s involvement in his original run of the series was that of writer for 29 issues, interior artist for issues #1–12 and 14–26, and cover artist for issues #1–33. He returned to full art and writing for the American Flagg! Special one-shot in 1986. In 1987, a four-issue run was released, then the title was cancelled and relaunched as Howard Chaykin’s American Flagg!, which ran 12 issues.

The first new project was a revamp of The Shadow in a four-issue miniseries for DC Comics in 1986.[23] Rather than setting the series in its traditional 1930s milieu, Chaykin updated it to a contemporary setting and included his own style of extreme violence. In a 2012 interview, Chaykin stated "The reason I pulled him out of the period was because I thought it would be commercial suicide to do a period character at that point."[24]

The American Flagg! Special one-shot was designed[citation needed] to introduce Chaykin's Time², a two-issue graphic-novel with a heavy dose of jazz, film noir and a fantasy version of New York City: Time²: The Epiphany (ISBN 0-915419-07-6) and Time²: The Satisfaction of Black Mariah (ISBN 0-915419-23-8)). In 1987, Chaykin described plans for a third graphic novel, saying, "It's probably going to be grossly different from the first two, because I'm taking things in another direction ... I want to do a story that is both very funny ... and at the same time very, very ugly. Really nasty and unpleasant. Because frankly, it's the place to do that sort of thing."[25] Although Chaykin hoped it would be available in summer 1988,[citation needed] the third book was never released.

Chaykin has described Time² as the single work about which he is most proud.[4] "To tell you the truth, my first interest would be to do another Time² because that was a very personal product for me," he said in 2008. "It's a fantasia of my family's story."[26]

Before returning to American Flagg!, Chaykin revamped another DC Comics character with Blackhawk, a three-issue miniseries about a team of heroic aviators, set in the 1930s.

When DC[when?] proposed a system of labeling comics for violent or sexual content, Chaykin (with Alan Moore and Frank Miller) boycotted DC and refused to work for the company.[citation needed] Chaykin relented in the early 1990s.[citation needed]

In 1988, Chaykin created perhaps his most controversial[citation needed] title: Black Kiss, a 12-issue series published by Vortex Comics that contained his most explicit depictions of sex and violence, with a story of sex-obsessed vampires in Hollywood. Though Black Kiss shipped sealed in an "adults only" clear plastic bag, its content drew much criticism.[citation needed] This did not stop it from selling well enough for Chaykin to describe it as "probably, on a per-page basis, the most profitable book I've ever done."[27]

1990s[edit]

Chaykin returned to DC to write the three-issue miniseriesTwilight, drawn by José Luis García-López and revamping some of DC's science-fiction heroes of the 1950s and 1960s, such as Tommy Tomorrow and Space Cabby. Later, Chaykin collaborated twice with artist Mike Mignola: In 1990–1991, they produced the Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser miniseries for Epic Comics with co-writer John Francis Moore and inker Al Williamson. This was followed with the Ironwolf: Fires of the Revolution graphic novel in 1992.[28] Chaykin then wrote and illustrated Midnight Men for Marvel's Epic imprint in 1993. He co-created/designed Firearm for Malibu Comics that same year, and then with several colleagues formed the creator-owned Bravura imprint for Malibu Comics. Chaykin created the four-issue miniseries Power and Glory in 1994, a superhero-themed public relations satire.

In 1996, DC’s Helix imprint published Cyberella, a cyberpunkdystopia written by Chaykin and drawn by Don Cameron.

Chaykin began to drift out of comics by the mid-1990s. With the exception of several Elseworlds stories he wrote for DC Comics, including Batman: Dark Allegiances which he wrote and drew in 1996, his comic output became minimal as he became more involved in film and television work. He was executive script consultant for the 1990-1991 The Flash television series on CBS,[29] and later worked on action-adventure programs such as Viper, Earth: Final Conflict and Mutant X.

Near the end of the decade, Chaykin returned to comics and co-wrote with David Tischman the three-issue miniseries Pulp Fantastic for the Vertigo imprint of DC, with art by Rick Burchett.

2000s[edit]

Chaykin began co-writing American Century with David Tischmann for Vertigo.[30] This story, set in post-war America, would be a pulp-adventure strip inspired by the likes of Terry and the Pirates as well as the EC Comics war stories created by Harvey Kurtzman. That year, Chaykin became part of the creative team on Mutant X, a television series inspired by the Marvel Comics series of mutant titles.

His next work was Mighty Love, a 96-page original graphic novel published in 2004 and described as "You’ve Got Mail with super-powers".[31] This was acclaimed as a return to the type of work he did on American Flagg! and contained his first art in a title since the early 1990s.

That year, Chaykin and Tischmann revamped Challengers of the Unknown in a six-issue mini-series for DC, as well as writing a mini-series about gangster vampires called Bite Club for Vertigo.[32] The pair wrote Barnum!: In Secret Service to the USA, a graphic novel in which real-life showman P. T. Barnum comes to the aid of the U.S. government.

In 2005, Chaykin produced the six-part City of Tomorrow, a DC/Wildstorm production involving a futuristic city populated by gangster robots. Chaykin described the mini-series as "The Untouchables meets West World at Epcot."[33] That same year, he wrote the four-issue mini-series Legend updating the character Hugo Danner for Wildstorm.

He illustrated 24 College Ave., a story serialized online in 54 chapters for ESPN.com’s Page 2 section. ESPN.com columnist Jim Caple wrote the text, each episode of which was accompanied by a single-panel Chaykin drawing.[34]

In 2006, he began working on his first superhero title for DC Comics, pencilling Hawkgirl, with Walter Simonson writing, starting with issue #50.[35] With issue 56, he stopped drawing the series, mainly to get time to work on Marvel’s Blade with Marc Guggenheim, although he continued to draw Hawkgirl covers for a few issues.

Also in 2006, DC Comics published a two-page Black Canary origin story drawn by Chaykin for the series 52. Later that year, DC released Guy Gardner: Collateral Damage. The two-issue series, written and drawn by Chaykin, revolves around the Green Lantern Corps' role in an interstellar war.

After Blade was cancelled with issue 12, he pencilled issue 50 of Punisher, Wolverine (vol. 3) #56–61, Punisher War Journal (vol. 2) (#16–24) and an issue of Immortal Iron Fist. Chaykin illustrated the 2008 Marvel MAX comic War Is Hell: The First Flight of the Phantom Eagle, scripted by Garth Ennis. He wrote Supreme Power vol. 3 #1–12 (Sep. 2008 – July 2009) for Marvel. In 2009, he wrote and penciled Dominic Fortune.

2010s[edit]

In 2010 he wrote Die Hard: Year One, a comic about John McClane from the Die Hard series for Boom! Studios.[36] Marvel in June 2010 published a Rawhide Kid miniseries drawn by Chaykin and written by Ron Zimmerman.[9]

Chaykin wrote and drew the Avengers 1959 five-issue miniseries, a spinoff of a storyline introduced in The New Avengers. The first issue was released in October 2011.[37]

Chaykin helmed a reboot of the science-fiction character Buck Rogers beginning in August 2013, again in the capacity of both artist and writer.[38]

Personal life[edit]

In 1972, Chaykin married Daina Graziunas.[3] The marriage ended in 1977 and the following year he married Leslie Zahler.[39] That marriage in turn ended in 1986, and in 1989 Chaykin married Jeni Munn, a union that lasted through 1992.[40]

As of 2013, Chaykin serves on the Disbursement Committee of the comic-book industry charity The Hero Initiative.[41]

Awards[edit]

Howard Chaykin received an Inkpot Award in 1977.[42]

Bibliography[edit]

His work as an artist (interior pencil art, except where noted) includes:

DC Comics[edit]

  • Adventure Comics (Shining Knight) #438 (1975)
  • American Century #1–27 (co-writer, 2001–2003)
  • Barnum!, Original Graphic Novel (co-writer, 2003)
  • Batgirl & Robin: Thrillkiller #1–3 (writer, 1997)
  • Batman: Dark Allegiances (writer/artist, 1996)
  • Batman Black and White, miniseries, #1 (writer/artist, 1996)
  • Batman/Catwoman: Follow the Money (2010)
  • Batman Family #14 (1977)
  • BatmanHoudini, The Devil's Workshop (1993)
  • Bite Club, miniseries #1–6 (co-writer, 2004)
  • Bite Club: Vampire Crime Unit, miniseries, #1–6 (co-writer, 2006)
  • Blackhawk #260 (1983)
  • Blackhawk, miniseries, #1–3 (writer/artist, 1988)
  • Challengers of the Unknown, miniseries, #1–6 (writer/artist, 2004)
  • City of Tomorrow, miniseries, #1–6 (writer/artist, 2005)
  • Cyberella, #1–12 (writer, 1996)
  • Detective Comics (Batman & Robin) #441 (1974); (Human Target) #483 (1979)
  • Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion #7 (1972)
  • DC Holiday Special '09 (Enemy Ace) #1 (2010)
  • Guy Gardner: Collateral Damage, miniseries, #1–2 (2007)
  • Hawkgirl #50–56 (2006)
  • House of Mystery #277 (1980)
  • Ironwolf, script, with John Francis Moore (1992)
  • JSA: All-Stars, miniseries, #5 (2003)
  • Justice Society of America 80-Page Giant #1 (among other artists) (2011)
  • Men of War (Enemy Ace) #9–10, 12–14, 19–20 (1978–79)
  • Mighty Love graphic novel (writer/artist, 2004)
  • Orion #7 (co-writer/artist, 2000)
  • The Shadow, miniseries, #1–4 (1985)
  • Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #240 (1978)
  • Son of Superman OGN (co-writer, 1996)
  • Sword of Sorcery (Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser) #1–5 (1973)
  • Tarzan (backup story) #216 (1973)
  • Time Warp #2 (1979)
  • Twilight, miniseries, #1–3 (writer, 1990)
  • Weird War Tales #48, 61–62, 67, 69, 76, 82 (1976–79)
  • Weird Western Tales (Cinnamon) #49 (1978)
  • Weird Worlds (Ironwolf) #8–10 (1973–74)
  • World of Krypton, miniseries, #1–3 (1979)

Marvel Comics[edit]

  • Chamber of Chills #4 (1973)
  • Amazing Adventures, vol. 2, (Killraven) #18 (with Neal Adams), 19 (1973)
  • Kull and the Barbarians (Red Sonja) #2–3 (1975)
  • Marvel Spotlight (Nick Fury) #31 (1976)
  • Conan the Barbarian #79–83 (1977–78)
  • Star Wars #1–10 (1977–1978)
  • Marvel Team-Up (Spider-Man) #76–77 (1978)
  • Marvel Comics Super Special #9, 19 (1978–81)
  • Hulk! (Dominic Fortune) #21–25 (1980–81)
  • Marvel Preview (Dominic Fortune) #20 (1980)
  • James Bond for Your Eyes Only #2 (1981)
  • Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection (1989)
  • Fritz Leiber's Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser #1-4 (adaptation and script), Epic, (1990-91)
  • Captain America and Nick Fury: Blood Truce (1995)
  • Fury of S.H.I.E.L.D. (1995)
  • Blade #1–8 (2006–07)
  • The Immortal Iron Fist Annual #1 (among other artists) (2007)
  • New Avengers #21 (2007)
  • Punisher War Journal, vol. 2, #16–25 (2008–09)
  • Captain America Theater of War: America First! (2009)
  • Captain America #600, 616 (among other artists) (2009–11)
  • X-Men vs. Vampires, miniseries, #2 (2010)
  • Magneto #1 (2010)
  • Iron Man, vol. 5, (Tony Stark) #503 (2011)
  • Avengers 1959, miniseries, #1–5 (2011)
  • New Avengers, vol. 2, #9-on (with Mike Deodato, doing "Avengers 1959" flashbacks) (2011)
  • Wolverine/Nick Fury: Scorpio (2012)

Other publishers[edit]

  • American Flagg! #1–12, 14–26, Special #1 (writer/artist); #13, 27–29 (writer) (First, 1983–86)
  • Black Kiss #1–12 (writer/artist) (Vortex, 1988–89)
  • Creepy #64 (Warren, 1974)
  • Power & Glory, miniseries, #1–4 of 4 (writer/artist) (Malibu/Bravura, 1994)
  • The Scorpion #1–2 (writer/artist) (Atlas/Seaboard, 1975)
  • Star*Reach #1, 4–5 (1974–76) (Star*Reach)
  • Black Kiss II #1–6 (writer/artist) (2012–13, Image Comics)
  • Black Kiss Christmas Special (writer/artist) (2014, Image Comics)
  • Satellite Sam #1–15 (2013–15, Image Comics)
  • The Divided States Of Hysteria #1-6 (2017, Image Comics)
  • [Buck Rogers]] #1-4 (2013, Hermes Press)
  • The Shadow #1-8 (2014, Dynamite Entertainment)
  • Midnight of the Soul (2016, Image Comics)

Television[edit]

  • The Flash
    • Episode 3: "Watching the Detectives" (co-written with John Francis Moore)
    • Episode 4: "Honor Among Thieves" (plotted with Moore, teleplay by Danny Bilson and Paul De Meo)
    • Episode 7:"Child's Play" (teleplay co-written with Moore, plot by Stephen Hattman and Gail Morgan Hickman)
    • Episode 8: "Shroud of Death" (plotted with Moore, teleplay by Michael Reaves)
    • Episode 9: "Ghost in the Machine" (co-written with Moore)
    • Episode 12: "The Trickster" (co-written with Moore)
    • Episode 16: "Deadly Nightshade" (co-written with Moore)
    • Episode 19: "Done with Mirrors" (co-written with Moore)
    • Episode 22. "The Trail of the Trickster" (co-written with Moore)
  • Mutant X Season One
    • Episodes 1 and 2: "The Shock of the New"
    • Episode 8: "In the Presence of Mine Enemies"
    • Episode 18: "Ex Marks the Spot" (co-written with Mark Amato and David Newman)
    • Episode 22: "A Breed Apart"

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdeHoward Chaykin interview (May 2000). "The Chaykin Factor: American Flagg! Creator Howard Chaykin Talks Comics". Comic Book Artist. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (8): 62.  Reprinted in Comic Book Artist Collection, Vol. 3. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. 2005. p. 176. ISBN 978-1893905429. 
  2. ^Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  3. ^ abcdefghCostello, Brannon, ed. (2011). "Chronology". Howard Chaykin: Conversations. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi. p. xv. ISBN 978-1604739756. 
  4. ^ abcBrian K. Vaughan (w), Fiona Staples (a). "The Third Degree: Howard Chaykin" Saga 6: 27 (August 2012), Image Comics
  5. ^ abcdeChaykin, Comic Book Artist #8, p. 63. Reprinted in Comic Book Artist Collection, Vol. 3 p. 177
  6. ^Greenberger, Robert (2012). The Art of Howard Chaykin. Mount Laurel, New Jersey: Dynamite Entertainment. pp. 26–28. ISBN 978-1606901694. 
  7. ^Fear #10 at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^Chaykin, Comic Book Artist #8, p. 64. Reprinted in Comic Book Artist Collection, Vol. 3 p. 178
  9. ^ abcdeHoward Chaykin at the Grand Comics Database
  10. ^Warner, Meredith (March 25, 2017). "How Bernie Wrightson uncovered the soul of the monster in his work". Los Angeles Times.
  11. ^McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.  
  12. ^McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 157 "After the debut tale by acclaimed artist Howard Chaykin and co-scripter Denny O'Neil, Ironwolf became the lead protagonist in the Weird Worlds [title]."
  13. ^Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 159. ISBN 978-0756641238.  
  14. ^Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 171: "In Marvel Preview #2, 1930s adventurer Dominic Fortune, created by Howard Chaykin, made his debut."
  15. ^Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 180: "In July 1977, Marvel's comics adaptation of George Lucas's Star Wars movie was released, created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Howard Chaykin."
  16. ^Edwards, Ted (1999). "Adventures in the Comics". The Unauthorized Star Wars Compendium. New York, New York: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9780316329293. 
  17. ^Cooke, Jon B. (October 2000). "Simonson Says The Man of Two Gods Recalls His 25+ Years in Comics". Comic Book Artist. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (10): 25. 
  18. ^Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2006). Modern Masters, Volume 8: Walter Simonson. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 1-893905-64-0. 
  19. ^McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 181 "The worldwide success of Superman: The Movie motivated [DC] to publish more Superman-related titles. With that, editor E. Nelson Bridwell oversaw a project that evolved into comics' first official limited series – World of Krypton...Featuring out-of-this-world artwork from Howard Chaykin, [Paul] Kupperberg's three-issue limited series explored Superman's homeworld."
  20. ^Callahan, Tim (February 2013). "World of Krypton Comics' First Miniseries". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (62): 59–62. 
  21. ^Lantz, James Heath (October 2014). "Inner-Space Opera: A Look at Marvel's Micronauts Comics". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (76): 46. 
  22. ^De Blieck Jr., Augie (September 3, 2004). "A Little Bit of Flagg!-Waving". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  23. ^Schweier, Philip (July 2016). "Shedding Light on The Shadow". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (89): 15–16. 
  24. ^Phegley, Kiel (February 20, 2012). "Howard Chaykin on the Art of "The Shadow"". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  25. ^Deppey, Dirk (March 29, 2010). "TCJ Audio Archive: Howard Chaykin". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. 
  26. ^"Interview: Howard Chaykin". Pink Raygun. March 3, 2008. Archived from the original on October 28, 2012. 
  27. ^Phegley, Kiel (March 26, 2010). "Chaykin recalls a 'Black Kiss'". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. 
  28. ^Greenberger, p. 132
  29. ^Gutierrez, David (March 15, 2006). "DVD Verdict interviews Howard Chaykin, writer of The Flash". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. 
  30. ^Irvine, Alex (2008). "American Century". In Dougall, Alastair. The Vertigo Encyclopedia. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 20. ISBN 0-7566-4122-5. OCLC 213309015. 
  31. ^Schweier, Philip (September 15, 2003). "A Whole lot of Chaykin Goin' On". Comic Book Bin. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. 
  32. ^Irvine, Alex (2008). "Bite Club". In Dougall, Alastair. The Vertigo Encyclopedia. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 30–31. ISBN 0-7566-4122-5. OCLC 213309015. 
  33. ^Richards, Dave (February 9, 2005). "George Bailey's nightmare: Chaykin talks City of Tomorrow". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 17, 2012. 
  34. ^"24 College Ave. chapter archive". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. 
  35. ^Hawkgirl at the Grand Comics Databse
  36. ^Parkin, JK (May 28, 2008). "Die Hard comic chronicles John McClane's first year". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2011. 
  37. ^Richards, Dave (June 22, 2011). "Chaykin assembles Avengers 1959". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  38. ^"Buck Rogers in the 25th Century #1". Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  39. ^Brannon, page xvi
  40. ^Brannon, page xviii
  41. ^"Hero Initiative Board Members Disbursement Committee". The Hero Initiative. 2013. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013. 
  42. ^"Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]

American Flagg #2 (Nov. 1983). Cover art by Chaykin.

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